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ArticlesKnowledge base about Chernobyl Zone

imageOne of the most top secrets of the Soviet Union - "Duga 1" or so-called product "5N32", was created to ahead the anti missile shield of the country. In total, the nuclear weapon race between the USSR and USA provoked construction of three antennas like that, at least publicly declared. The experimental object "Duga-H" was at Nikolaev (Ukraine); military garrison at 1,500 personnel at Chernobyl with the name of the complex "Duga 1" (Ukraine); receiving antenna complex in the village of Big Cartel, under the Komsomolsk-on-Amur (Russia).

Due the unique design the antenna was able to detect air targets in the western distance of 900 to 3,000 kilometers. Technological configuration of the complex had been divided into two antennas and auxiliary system "Circle". The radar was created on the principle of a phased array antenna. At the heart of the military garrison there is the command center to control radar installation and training centers - to ensure proper training of officers. Truly monumental antenna «Duga 1» has a total length of about 700 meters in length. Low-frequency large antenna`s height is 150 meters, and the high-frequency- respectively 90 meters. The device worked in the frequency range 5-28 MHz. Auxiliary system back-inclined sounding "Circle" was designed to detect strategic bombers.

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The Pripyat town was found on the banks of the Pripyat River, 3 km from the Chernobyl nuclear power plant on the February 4, 1970. In November 1985 the town population was 47,500. The average age was 26 years. Near the town there is a railway station Yanov (station Chernihiv-Ovruch). River navigation links the city with Kiev and other settlements on the Pripyat River and the Kiev reservoir.

During the construction of the city there were used innovative ways of building and architectural solutions. The city had 15 kindergartens, 5 schools, a music school, a vocational school, medical unit, three clinics, 27 canteens, cafes and restaurants, the Palace of Culture "Energetic", a cinema "Prometheus", numerous sports and cultural facilities.

imageFirst Ukrainian nuclear power plant is located in northern Ukraine in the Kiev region near the border with Belarus on the banks of the Pripyat River. Construction of the first plant (the first and second power units) was started in 1970, it began operation in 1977. The second stage (the third and fourth power units) was built in 1983. The construction of the third stage (the fifth and sixth power units) completed not.

As of April 1986 operated four units with RBMK-1000 reactors with total generating capacity of 4,000 megawatts, the plant at that time was the most powerful energy generator in the USSR. April 26, 1986 at 1:23:59 during the design tests at the fourth power unit, explosion completely destroyed the reactor. The building was partially collapsed; the roof of the reactor building and the turbine hall was in fire, eliminated by 5 o'clock in the morning. As a result of the accident it was thrown about 380 million Curies of radioactive substances to the environment. During the explosion, one person died, another died this morning from injuries, 28 people from the fire station and staffs died of acute radiation sickness in the following months

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The Chernobyl Exclusion Zone - is the radioactive contaminated restricted territory after Chernobyl accident in 1986. It includes the northern part of Ivankov district in Kyiv region, the town of Chernobyl and Pripyat, the north of the Polesie district in Kiev region (including the village Poliske and village Vilcha), as well as part of Zhytomyr region up to the border with Belarus with a total area of more than 2000 square kilometers.

The term "Chernobyl exclusion zone" is refers to resettled territories in Ukraine. Belarusian "zone" - officially "Polesye State Radiation Ecological Reservation" – is the part of the Bragin, Narovlya and Khoiniki Gomel region.

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